Towards an Inclusive Democracy:

The Crisis of the Growth Economy and the Need for a New Liberatory Project



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The collapse of "actually existing socialism", which confirmed the failure of the socialist movement to achieve a synthesis of the demands for autonomy and equality, the parallel degradation of socialdemocracy into an integral part of the neoliberal consensus, and the consequent universalisation of the market economy, have intensified the crisis which began about two centuries ago, when the system of the market economy and representative democracy were established. Thie establishment of the market economy in particular was instrumental in creating the present huge concentration of power, currently accelerated by globalisation.  But, it is the concentration of power which is the fundamental cause of the present multi-dimensional crisis: political, economic, social and ecological.

On the threshold of a new millennium, the need to formulate a new liberatory project is imperative. Such a project should aim at the negation of  concentration of power, and at the same time would be the synthesis, but also the transcendence, of the two great historical traditions, the socialist and the democratic ones, as well as of the radical trends within the green, feminist and autonomist movements. Today, this project can have no other content than that of an inclusive democracy and its explicit aim should be the equal distribution of power among citizens: at the political level, through direct democracy, at the economic level through economic democracy, i.e. a new form of economic organisation beyond the failed systems of the market economy and central planning, as well at the broader social level. Inclusive Democracy therefore is not a utopia but, in effect, perhaps the only realistic way out of the chronic and today generalised crisis in an effort to integrate society with polity, the economy and Nature.


Comments on the Book


“Fotopoulos' book offers the kind of radical insights to be truly visionary, to be utopian in the best sense of the term which means to identify existing potentialities for systemic change. Toward an Inclusive Democracy is a richly researched, clearly written, well-argued, historically-grounded thesis that humankind must find a way beyond the Charybdis of an internationalized capitalism and the Scylla of socialist statism”.

Steve Best, University of Texas (USA)



“The attempt made here is bold and brave…This book is remarkable for the clarity of its exposition and for its sophisticated grasp of economics, sociology, politics and philosophy. It can be strongly recommended to anyone who wants to know what is going on in the world”

  Michael Levin,  University of London (Britain)



“I think the book is an important contribution to left thinking on political economy and development”

Carl Boggs, National University (California)



“A monumental book opening new radical ways in dealing with today’s multi-dimensional crisis”

Dr P. Koumentakis (Greece)



“An important book (…) In a time when libertarian voices are becoming very rare, it’s a relief to read a book like this”

Peter Zegers, De Vrije Socialist (Holland)



“What I find most interesting is your efforts to work out in some detail viable alternatives”

Arran Gare, Swinburne University, (Australia)



This is a graceful, thoughtful text of philosophical and empirical substance, reaffirming agency. social solidarism, creativity and hope over domination

David Freeman (Australia)